Fluid Mechanics of Droplet Spreading of Chitosan/PVA-Based Spray Coating Solution on Banana Peels with Different Wettability - Université de technologie de Compiègne Access content directly
Journal Articles Polymers Year : 2023

Fluid Mechanics of Droplet Spreading of Chitosan/PVA-Based Spray Coating Solution on Banana Peels with Different Wettability

Abstract

The spreading behavior of a coating solution is an important factor in determining the effectiveness of spraying applications. It determines how evenly the droplets spread on the substrate surface and how quickly they form a uniform film. Fluid mechanics principles govern it, including surface tension, viscosity, and the interaction between the liquid and the solid surface. In our previous work, chitosan (CS) film properties were successfully modified by blending with polyvinyl alcohol (PVA). It was shown that the mechanical strength of the composite film was significantly improved compared to the virgin CS. Here we propose to study the spreading behavior of CS/PVA solution on fresh bananas. The events upon droplet impact were captured using a high-speed camera, allowing the identification of outcomes as a function of velocity at different surface wettabilities (wetting and non-wetting) on the banana peels. The mathematical model to predict the maximum spreading factor, βmax, was governed by scaling law analysis using fitting experimental data to identify patterns, trends, and relationships between βmax and the independent variables, Weber (We) numbers, and Reynolds (Re) numbers. The results indicate that liquid viscosity and surface properties affect the droplet’s impact and spreading behavior. The Ohnesorge (Oh) numbers significantly influenced the spreading dynamics, while the banana’s surface wettability minimally influenced spreading. The prediction model reasonably agrees with all the data in the literature since the R2 = 0.958 is a powerful goodness-of-fit indicator for predicting the spreading factor. It scaled with βmax=a+0.04We.Re1/3, where the “a” constants depend on Oh numbers.
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Dates and versions

hal-04380124 , version 1 (09-01-2024)

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Endarto Yudo Wardhono, Nufus Kanani, Mekro Permana Pinem, Dwinanto Sukamto, Yenny Meliana, et al.. Fluid Mechanics of Droplet Spreading of Chitosan/PVA-Based Spray Coating Solution on Banana Peels with Different Wettability. Polymers, 2023, 15 (21), pp.4277. ⟨10.3390/polym15214277⟩. ⟨hal-04380124⟩
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