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Analysis of the behavior of 2D monolayers and 3D spheroid human pancreatic beta cells derived from induced pluripotent stem cells in a microfluidic environment

Abstract : The limited availability of primary human β-cells/islets and their quality (due to donor diversity) restrict the development of in vitro models for diabetes research. Human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) may be a promising cell-source for diabetes studies, anti-diabetic drug screening and personalized therapies. However, achieving levels of maturity/functionality that are comparable to the in vivo situation and islets rebuilt from iPSCs is still challenging. Here, we compare and discuss two strategies for culturing human pancreatic β-cells derived from hiPSCs in microfluidic biochips. First, we confirmed that the protocol in conventional Petri 2D monolayer led to insulin, PDX1 and MAFA positive staining, to C-Peptide productive cells, and to tissue responsive to high/low glucose and GLP1 stimulation. This protocol and its subsequent modifications (including extracellular matrix coating, cell adhesion time, cell inoculation density, flow rate) was not successful in the 2D biochip culture. We proposed a second strategy using 3D spheroids created from honeycomb static cultures. Spheroids in static experiments carried out over 14 days demonstrated that they expressed high levels of β-cell markers (INS mRNA) and higher α-cell markers (GCG mRNA and glucagon positive staining), when compared to Petri 2D cultures. Furthermore, the 3D spheroids were specifically able to secrete insulin in response to both high/low glucose stimulation and GLP1 exposure. The spheroids were successfully inoculated into biochips and maintained for 10 days in perfusion. The 3D biochip cultures increased mRNA levels of GCG and maintained high levels of β-cell markers and responsiveness to both high/low glucose and GLP1 stimulation. Finally, C-peptide and insulin secretion were higher in biochips when compared to static spheroids. These results illustrate the promising potential for hiPSCs derived β-cells and their spheroid-based pancreas-on-chip model for pancreatic disease/diabetes modeling and anti-diabetic drug screening.
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https://hal.utc.fr/hal-03285819
Contributor : Rachid Jellali Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, July 15, 2021 - 10:31:23 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, July 15, 2021 - 10:44:31 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Saturday, October 16, 2021 - 6:15:35 PM

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Amal Essaouiba, Rachid Jellali, Marie Shinohara, Benedikt Scheidecker, Cécile Legallais, et al.. Analysis of the behavior of 2D monolayers and 3D spheroid human pancreatic beta cells derived from induced pluripotent stem cells in a microfluidic environment. Journal of Biotechnology, Elsevier, 2021, 330, pp.45-56. ⟨10.1016/j.jbiotec.2021.02.009⟩. ⟨hal-03285819⟩

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