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Impact of revascularization on the distal to proximal pressure ratio in case of multiple coronary stenoses

Abstract : Objective: In order to take a decision about the revascularization approach to be adopted, it is of fundamental importance to determine whether coronary artery stenoses induce ischemia or not. An index, named (Fractional Flow Reserve), based on pressure measurements has been proposed to this aim and is usually interpreted in terms of flows. The objective of this work is to compute simultaneously pressures and flow rates in the coronary network of patients with three-vessel disease, in order to study more precisely the relationship between these two quantities. Approach: 22 patients have been included in the study. Some pressure and flow rates measurements were collected during by-pass surgery. These clinical data allow to determine parameters for a patient’s specific model, based on the electric / hydraulic analogy. Collateral pathways are included in the model, as well as the severity of the disease and the impact of revascularization. Main Results: For patients with stenoses on LAD, LCx, LMCA and occlusion of the RCA, the flow rate delivered to the right territory is of course a function of the aortic pressure, the left stenoses severity, and the pressure distal to the thrombosis. But it mainly depends on the capillary and collateral resistances, and on the proportion between them. Abnormal microvascular hemodynamics, may be present in patients with non-hemodynamic significant lesions as assessed by the pressure ratio. Complete revascularization with the 3 grafts is demonstrated to be fully justified. The direction of collateral flows may be reversed, depending on the pressure gradient. In any case, they remain low and become negligible when the 3 grafts are operating. Significance: Surgical decision based only on pressure measurements may miss some real hemodynamic problem due to the considered stenosis. This risk is even greater in case of serial stenoses.
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https://hal.utc.fr/hal-03148419
Contributor : Agnes Drochon <>
Submitted on : Monday, February 22, 2021 - 11:24:59 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, February 25, 2021 - 3:21:24 AM

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  • HAL Id : hal-03148419, version 1

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Amedeo Anselmi, Hervé Corbineau, Jean-Philippe Verhoye, Agnès Drochon. Impact of revascularization on the distal to proximal pressure ratio in case of multiple coronary stenoses. Journal of Biomedical Science and Engineering, In press. ⟨hal-03148419⟩

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