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Diazonium Salt-Based Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy Nanosensor: Detection and Quantitation of Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Water Samples

Abstract : Here, we present a surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) nanosensor for environmental pollutants detection. This study was conducted on three polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs): benzo[a] pyrene (BaP), fluoranthene (FL), and naphthalene (NAP). SERS substrates were chemically functionalized using 4-dodecyl benzenediazonium-tetrafluoroborate and SERS analyses were conducted to detect the pollutants alone and in mixtures. Compounds were first measured in water-methanol (9:1 volume ratio) samples. Investigation on solutions containing concentrations ranging from 10(-6) g L-(1) to 10(-3) g L-1 provided data to plot calibration curves and to determine the performance of the sensor. The calculated limit of detection (LOD) was 0.026 mg L-1 (10(-7) mol L-1) for BaP, 0.064 mg L-1 (3.2 x 10(-7) mol L-1) for FL, and 3.94 mg L-1 (3.1 x 10(-5) mol L-1) for NAP, respectively. The correlation between the calculated LOD values and the octanol-water partition coefficient (K-ow) of the investigated PAHs suggests that the developed nanosensor is particularly suitable for detecting highly non-polar PAH compounds. Measurements conducted on a mixture of the three analytes (i) demonstrated the ability of the developed technology to detect and identify the three analytes in the mixture; (ii) provided the exact quantitation of pollutants in a mixture. Moreover, we optimized the surface regeneration step for the nanosensor.
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https://hal.utc.fr/hal-02469400
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Submitted on : Thursday, February 6, 2020 - 3:19:09 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, March 17, 2022 - 2:00:14 PM

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Inga Tijunelyte, Stéphanie Betelu, Jonathan Moreau, Ioannis Ignatiadis, Catherine Berho, et al.. Diazonium Salt-Based Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy Nanosensor: Detection and Quantitation of Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Water Samples. Sensors, MDPI, 2017, 17 (6), pp.1198. ⟨10.3390/s17061198⟩. ⟨hal-02469400⟩

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