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Journal Articles Journal of Fluid Mechanics Year : 2016

Stable equilibrium configurations of an oblate capsule in simple shear flow

Abstract

The objective of the paper is to determine the stable mechanical equilibrium states of an oblate capsule subjected to a simple shear flow, by positioning its revolution axis initially off the shear plane. We consider an oblate capsule with a strain-hardening membrane and investigate the influence of the initial orientation, capsule aspect ratio $a/b$ , viscosity ratio ${\it\lambda}$ between the internal and external fluids and the capillary number $Ca$ which compares the viscous to the elastic forces. A numerical model coupling the finite element and boundary integral methods is used to solve the three-dimensional fluid–structure interaction problem. For any initial orientation, the capsule converges towards the same mechanical equilibrium state, which is only a function of the capillary number and viscosity ratio. For $a/b=0.5$ , only four regimes are stable when ${\it\lambda}=1$ : tumbling and swinging in the low and medium $Ca$ range ( $Ca\lesssim 1$ ), regimes for which the capsule revolution axis is contained within the shear plane; then wobbling during which the capsule experiences precession around the vorticity axis; and finally rolling along the vorticity axis at high capillary numbers. When ${\it\lambda}$ is increased, the tumbling-to-swinging transition occurs for higher $Ca$ ; the wobbling regime takes place at lower $Ca$ values and within a narrower $Ca$ range. For ${\it\lambda}\gtrsim 3$ , the swinging regime completely disappears, which indicates that the stable equilibrium states are mainly the tumbling and rolling regimes at higher viscosity ratios. We finally show that the $Ca$ – ${\it\lambda}$ phase diagram is qualitatively similar for higher aspect ratio. Only the $Ca$ -range over which wobbling is stable increases with $a/b$ , restricting the stability ranges of in- and out-of-plane motions, although this phenomenon is mainly visible for viscosity ratios larger than 1.
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Dates and versions

hal-02019571 , version 1 (14-02-2019)

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Claire Dupont, Fabien Delahaye, D. Barthès-Biesel, Anne-Virginie Salsac. Stable equilibrium configurations of an oblate capsule in simple shear flow. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 2016, 791, pp.738-757. ⟨10.1017/jfm.2015.759⟩. ⟨hal-02019571⟩
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