A systematic comparison of 25 Tunisian plant species based on oil and phenolic contents, fatty acid composition and antioxidant activity

Abstract : This study investigated 25 Tunisian plant species of 13 families based on their oil and total phenolic contents. The fatty acid profiles and antioxidant activity of phenolic extracts of these plant seeds were studied in order to identify species containing unusual fatty acids and potential antioxidants. The oil content varied from 4.2 to 66.5% of DW (Dry Weight). Fatty acid profiles were determined using gas chromatography analysis coupled to flame ionization detection and high resolution mass spectrometry (GC-FID and GC-HRMS). The results showed that plant seeds were mostly composed of classic fatty acids (palmitic, oleic, linoleic and linolenic acids), while unusual fatty acids such as long-chain and odd-chain fatty acids were minor components. However, the petro-selinic acid was the major component of Apiaceae family seed oil, particularly in Pimpinella saxifraga and Pimpinella major. The phenolic content of seed methanolic extracts, measured by Folin-Ciocalteu assay, varied between 30 and 4700 mg GAE/100 g DW. The methanolic extracts exhibited a broad range of antioxidant activity , varying from 13 to 17,000 mg TEAC/100 g DW in the DPPH assay. In the ABTS assay, the antioxidant activity values similarly varied from 4 to 18,100 mg TEAC/100 g DW. The seeds of Apium graveolens, Anethum graveolens, Pimpinella saxifraga and Lepidium sativum had high oil content, interesting fatty acid profiles and their methanolic extracts displayed high antioxidant capacities. This investigation of Tunisian plants showed the potentialities of several species that could be scale-up cultivated for commercial purposes.
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadatas

Cited literature [98 references]  Display  Hide  Download

https://hal.utc.fr/hal-01988891
Contributor : Stephane Octave <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, January 23, 2019 - 2:21:21 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, March 7, 2019 - 11:37:15 AM

Identifiers

Collections

Citation

Ghada Ksouda, Mohamed Hajji, Sabrine Sellimi, Franck Merlier, Aude Falcimaigne-Cordin, et al.. A systematic comparison of 25 Tunisian plant species based on oil and phenolic contents, fatty acid composition and antioxidant activity. Industrial Crops and Products, Elsevier, 2018, 123, pp.768-778. ⟨10.1016/j.indcrop.2018.07.008⟩. ⟨hal-01988891⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

38