Word Recognition and Frequency Selectivity in Cochlear Implant Simulation: Effect of Channel Interaction - Équipe WAKING, Physiologie Intégrée du Système d'Éveil du Centre de Recherche en Neurosciences de Lyon Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Clinical Medicine Year : 2021

Word Recognition and Frequency Selectivity in Cochlear Implant Simulation: Effect of Channel Interaction

Abstract

In cochlear implants (CI), spread of neural excitation may produce channel interaction. Channel interaction disturbs the spectral resolution and, among other factors, seems to impair speech recognition, especially in noise. In this study, two tests were performed with 20 adult normal-hearing (NH) subjects under different vocoded simulations. First, there was a measurement of word recognition in noise while varying the number of selected channels (4, 8, 12 or 16 maxima out of 20) and the degree of simulated channel interaction ("Low", "Medium" and "High"). Then, there was an evaluation of spectral resolution function of the degree of simulated channel interaction, reflected by the sharpness (Q10dB) of psychophysical tuning curves (PTCs). The results showed a significant effect of the simulated channel interaction on word recognition but did not find an effect of the number of selected channels. The intelligibility decreased significantly for the highest degree of channel interaction. Similarly, the highest simulated channel interaction impaired significantly the Q10dB. Additionally, a strong intra-individual correlation between frequency selectivity and word recognition in noise was observed. Lastly, the individual changes in frequency selectivity were positively correlated with the changes in word recognition when the degree of interaction went from "Low" to "High". To conclude, the degradation seen for the highest degree of channel interaction suggests a threshold effect on frequency selectivity and word recognition. The correlation between frequency selectivity and intelligibility in noise supports the hypothesis that PTCs Q10dB can account for word recognition in certain conditions. Moreover, the individual variations of performances observed among subjects suggest that channel interaction does not have the same effect on each individual. Finally, these results highlight the importance of taking into account subjects' individuality and to evaluate channel interaction through the speech processor.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
ris00001822.pdf (1.74 Mo) Télécharger le fichier
Origin Publisher files allowed on an open archive

Dates and versions

hal-03163116 , version 1 (09-03-2021)

Identifiers

Cite

Pierre-Antoine Cucis, Christian Berger-Vachon, Hung Thai-Van, Ruben Hermann, Stéphane Gallego, et al.. Word Recognition and Frequency Selectivity in Cochlear Implant Simulation: Effect of Channel Interaction. Journal of Clinical Medicine, 2021, 10 (4), 17p. ⟨10.3390/jcm10040679⟩. ⟨hal-03163116⟩
38 View
88 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Mastodon Facebook X LinkedIn More