Cultural techniques capture diverse phosphate-solubilizing bacteria in rock phosphate-enriched habitats - Unité de Chimie Environnementale et Interactions sur le vivant Access content directly
Journal Articles Frontiers in Microbiology Year : 2024

Cultural techniques capture diverse phosphate-solubilizing bacteria in rock phosphate-enriched habitats

Abstract

Phosphorus (P) deficiency is a common problem in croplands where phosphatebased fertilizers are regularly used to maintain bioavailable P for plants. However, due to their limited mobility in the soil, there has been an increased interest in microorganisms that can convert insoluble P into a bioavailable form, and their use to develop phosphate-solubilizing bioinoculants as an alternative to the conventional use of P fertilizers. In this study, we proposed two independent experiments and explored two entirely different habitats to trap phosphatesolubilizing bacteria (PSBs). In the first experiment, PSBs were isolated from the rhizoplane of native plant species grown in a rock-phosphate (RP) mining area. A subset of 24 bacterial isolates from 210 rhizoplane morphotypes was selected for the inorganic phosphate solubilizing activities using tricalcium phosphate (TCP) as the sole P source. In the second experiment, we proposed an innovative experimental setup to select mycohyphospheric bacteria associated to arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal hyphae, indigenous of soils where agronomic plant have been grown and trapped in membrane bag filled with RP. A subset of 25 bacterial isolates from 44 mycohyphospheric morphotypes was tested for P solubilizing activities. These two bacterial subsets were then screened for additional plant growth-promoting (PGP) traits, and 16S rDNA sequencing was performed for their identification. Overall, the two isolation experiments resulted in diverse phylogenetic affiliations of the PSB collection, showing only 4 genera (24%) and 5 species (17%) shared between the two communities, thus underlining the value of the two protocols, including the innovative mycohyphospheric isolate selection method, for selecting a greater biodiversity of cultivable PSB. All the rhizoplane and mycohyphospheric PSB were positive for ammonia production. Indol-3-acetic acid (IAA) production was observed for 13 and 20 isolates, respectively among rhizoplane and mycohyphospheric PSB, ranging, respectively, from 32.52 to 330.27 μg mL-1 and from 41.4 to 963.9 μg mL-1. Only five rhizoplane and 12 mycohyphospheric isolates were positively screened for N 2 fixation. Four rhizoplane PSB were identified as siderophore producers, while none of the mycohyphospheric isolates were. The phenotype of one PSB rhizoplane isolate, assigned to Pseudomonas, showed four additive PGP activities. Some bacterial strains belonging to the dominant genera Bacillus and Pseudomonas could be considered potential candidates for further formulation of biofertilizer in order to develop bioinoculant consortia that promote plant P nutrition and growth in RP-enriched soils.
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Dates and versions

hal-04443174 , version 1 (07-02-2024)

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Amandine Ducousso-Détrez, Zakaria Lahrach, Joël Fontaine, Anissa Lounès-Hadj Sahraoui, Mohamed Hijri. Cultural techniques capture diverse phosphate-solubilizing bacteria in rock phosphate-enriched habitats. Frontiers in Microbiology, 2024, 15, pp.1-17. ⟨10.3389/fmicb.2024.1280848⟩. ⟨hal-04443174⟩
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