Earthquake Early Warning Starting From 3 s of Records on a Single Station With Machine Learning - Observatoire de la Cote d'Azur Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Geophysical Research : Solid Earth Year : 2023

Earthquake Early Warning Starting From 3 s of Records on a Single Station With Machine Learning

Pablo Lara
Quentin Bletery
Jean‐paul Ampuero
Adolfo Inza
Hernando Tavera

Abstract

Abstract We introduce the Ensemble Earthquake Early Warning System (E3WS), a set of Machine Learning (ML) algorithms designed to detect, locate, and estimate the magnitude of an earthquake starting from 3 s of P ‐waves recorded by a single station. The system is made of six Ensemble ML algorithms trained on attributes computed from ground acceleration time series in the temporal, spectral, and cepstral domains. The training set comprises data sets from Peru, Chile, Japan, and the STEAD global data set. E3WS consists of three sequential stages: detection, P‐phase picking, and source characterization. The latter involves magnitude, epicentral distance, depth, and back azimuth estimation. E3WS achieves an overall success rate in the discrimination between earthquakes and noise of 99.9%, with no false positive (noise mis‐classified as earthquakes) and very few false negatives (earthquakes mis‐classified as noise). All false negatives correspond to M ≤ 4.3 earthquakes, which are unlikely to cause any damage. For P‐phase picking, the Mean Absolute Error is 0.14 s, small enough for earthquake early warning purposes. For source characterization, the E3WS estimates are virtually unbiased, have better accuracy for magnitude estimation than existing single‐station algorithms, and slightly better accuracy for earthquake location. By updating estimates every second, the approach gives time‐dependent magnitude estimates that follow the earthquake source time function. E3WS gives faster estimates than present alert systems relying on multiple stations, providing additional valuable seconds for potential protective actions.
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hal-04280699 , version 1 (17-11-2023)

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Pablo Lara, Quentin Bletery, Jean‐paul Ampuero, Adolfo Inza, Hernando Tavera. Earthquake Early Warning Starting From 3 s of Records on a Single Station With Machine Learning. Journal of Geophysical Research : Solid Earth, 2023, 128 (11), ⟨10.1029/2023JB026575⟩. ⟨hal-04280699⟩
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