In Situ Tensile Testing under High-Speed Optical Recording to Determine Hierarchical Damage Kinetics in Polymer Layers of Flax Fibre Elements - Laboratoire de mécanique et technologie Access content directly
Journal Articles Polymers Year : 2023

In Situ Tensile Testing under High-Speed Optical Recording to Determine Hierarchical Damage Kinetics in Polymer Layers of Flax Fibre Elements

Abstract

This study aims at better understanding the damage and fracture kinetics in flax fibre elements at both the unitary and bundle scales, using an experimental setup allowing optical observation at high recording rate in the course of tensile loading. Defects and issues from flax unitary fibre extraction are quantitated using polarized light microscopy. Tensile loading is conducted according to a particular setup, adapted to fibres of 10 to 20 µm in diameter and 10 mm in length. Optical recording using a high-speed camera is performed during loading up to the failure at acquisition, with speed ranging from 108,000 to 270,000 frames per second. Crack initiation in polymer layers of fibre elements, propagation as well as damage mechanisms are captured. The results show different failure scenarios depending on the fibre element’s nature. In particular, fractured fibres underline either a fully transverse failure propagation or a combination of transverse and longitudinal cracking with different balances. Image recordings with high time resolution of down to 3.7 μs suggest an unstable system and transverse crack speed higher than 4 m/s and a slower propagation for longitudinal crack deviation. Failure propagation monitoring and fracture mechanism studies in individual natural fibre or bundles, using tensile load with optical observation, showed contrasted behaviour and the importance of the structural scale exanimated. This study can help in tailoring the eco-design of flax-based composites, in terms of toughness and mechanical performances, for both replacement of synthetic fibre materials and innovative composites with advanced properties.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
polymers-15-02794.pdf (5.57 Mo) Télécharger le fichier
Origin : Publisher files allowed on an open archive
licence : CC BY - Attribution

Dates and versions

hal-04317965 , version 1 (01-12-2023)

Licence

Attribution

Identifiers

Cite

Emmanuelle Richely, Johnny Beaugrand, Michel Coret, Christophe Binetruy, Pierre Ouagne, et al.. In Situ Tensile Testing under High-Speed Optical Recording to Determine Hierarchical Damage Kinetics in Polymer Layers of Flax Fibre Elements. Polymers, 2023, 15 (13), pp.2794. ⟨10.3390/polym15132794⟩. ⟨hal-04317965⟩
67 View
7 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Facebook X LinkedIn More