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Article Dans Une Revue Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics Année : 2023

Stated preferences outperform elicited preferences for predicting reported compliance with Covid-19 prophylactic measures

Résumé

This paper studies the behavioral and socio-demographic determinants of reported compliance with prophylactic measures against COVID-19: barrier gestures, lockdown restrictions and mask wearing. The study contrasts two types of measures for behavioral determinants: experimentally elicited preferences (risk tolerance, time preferences, social value orientation and cooperativeness) and stated preferences (risk tolerance, time preferences, and the GSS trust question). Data were collected from a representative sample of the metropolitan French adult population (N=1154) surveyed during the first lockdown in May 2020, and the experimental tasks were carried out on-line. The in-sample and out-of-sample predictive power of several regression models - which vary in the set of variables that they include - are studied and compared. Overall, we find that stated preferences are better predictors of compliance with these prophylactic measures than preferences elicited through incentivized experiments: self-reported level of risk, patience and trust are predicting compliance, while elicited measures of risk-aversion, patience, cooperation and prosociality did not.
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Dates et versions

hal-04192470 , version 1 (28-09-2023)

Identifiants

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Ismaël Rafaï, Thierry Blayac, Dimitri Dubois, Sébastien Duchêne, Phu Nguyen-Van, et al.. Stated preferences outperform elicited preferences for predicting reported compliance with Covid-19 prophylactic measures. Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics, 2023, 107, pp.102089. ⟨10.1016/j.socec.2023.102089⟩. ⟨hal-04192470⟩
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